032_G18_Spotlight_Mozambique

Global_18

Spotlight Mozambique Mozambique through history 4000 BCE First archaeological evidence of people living in Mozambique 0 1500 100 AD Bantu people create agricultural communities after migrating from the west 1498 Portugual’s Vasco da Gama explores the region 1000 The Shona empire begins to rise between the Limpopo and Zambezi rivers ports. However, new coal terminals are being constructed at the ports of Nacala and Beira, while an entirely new port is being developed at the mouth of the Zambezi 1505 Start of colonisation by Portugal, which initially gains the Island of Mozambique and the port city of Sofala before expanding inland The main obstacle to the development of the country’s coal industry is the lack of transport capacity required to move the coal from Tete eastwards to Indian Ocean ports river. The Sena Railway to Beira has already been upgraded and two new railway lines are to be completed to handle coal. Coal and gas projects will boost GDP, but will not directly create the millions of jobs required to pull Mozambicans out of poverty. However, the new transport infrastructure should benefit the wider economy and the government has drawn up plans to develop a new north-south railway that should improve access to the nation’s ports, particularly for agricultural producers and 1842 Portugal officially outlaws the use of slavery in Mozambique, although the trade continues over several decades 1641 First ships travel from Brazil to Mozambique in search of slaves forestry firms. Mozambique is successfully positioning its ports as entrepôts for the entire Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. Rail and road links from Zimbabwe and Malawi to Beira are being upgraded, while funding is sought for a new railway from Botswana to the planned new port of Techobanine in the south of Mozambique. The Port of Maputo has already made the most of its proximity to South Africa to attract trade from South African companies. Maputo is actually geographically closer than the Port of Durban to South Africa’s industrial heartland around Johannesburg and is steadily gaining business from the region. Several South African car manufacturers, Mozambique is positioning its ports as convenient entry points for the entire Southern African Development Community region 32 l www.global -br ief ing.org second quar ter 2014 global 


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