033_G18_Spotlight_Mozambique

Global_18

Spotlight Mozambique 1974 Military coup against Portugese leaders 1975 Independence launches the People’s Republic of Mozambique, a one party state 1964 Guerrilla campaign by The Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) launched against Portuguese authorities 1977 Civil war begins between anti-Communist RENAMO rebel militias and the Marxist FRELIMO regime such as BMW, now export vehicles through Maputo and paper company Sappi switched a large proportion of its exports from its new $300 million Ngodwana Mill in Durban to Maputo in December. Osório Lucas, the chief executive of Maputo Port Development Corridor (MPDC), which operates the port, said that this success was “not only dependent on the DP World Maputo container terminal performance, but also on the equally important services offered by shipping lines and the reliability of rail services from Sappi’s plant at Ngodwana”. The energy boom should also benefit the country in other ways. A string of gas and coal-fired power plants are planned and although not all will actually be developed, 1986 Death of President Machel and 33 others in a plane crash near Mbuzini. Joaquim Chissano succeeds him 1992 Rome General Peace Accord is established to conclude 16 years of civil war. More than 1.5 million Mozambican refugees return to be repatriated 1980 2000 it seems likely that the country will gain at least 3 GW of thermal generating capacity within the next decade. This will help diversify the generation mix away from its current reliance on hydro and should provide the electricity required to power other sectors. It should also help to speed up the national electrification programme, as just ten per cent of Mozambicans currently have access to electricity at home. In the longer term, tourism, agriculture and possibly manufacturing will be the basis of employment creation. Subsistence farming currently dominates the agriculture sector, so there is plenty of scope to develop more productive practices. The main export crops include cashew nuts, sugar 1994 First multi-party elections take place 2000-01 Floods affecting a quarter of the population seriously damage the Mozambique economy. Drought follows in 2002 and cotton – production of each could be greatly increased through more investment in irrigation, particularly in the relatively arid south. Mozambique’s beaches were popular attractions for white South Africans during the colonial period and visitors are now beginning to return to the region as transport links are improved. As ever, infrastructure that is developed for one industry can easily be exploited by others. Dr Neil Ford is an independent consultant and journalist, focusing on international affairs, particularly in developing countries National Petroleum Institute of Mozambique Instituto Nacional de Petróleo The National Petroleum Institute of Mozambique (INP) was created in 2004 and is the regulatory entity responsible for the promotion, licensing, supervision and monitoring of the petroleum sector. The INP is responsible for: • Regulating and auditing oil and gas exploration, production and transport activities, and development and standards policies. • Establishing the required technical, commercial and environmental conditions, promoting the adoption of practices to encourage the efficient use of resources and, enforcing technical and environmental standards. • Organising, maintaining and consolidating the accuracy of technical data and information related to the oil industry. With the discovery of natural gas in the offshore Rovuma Basin, the INP works closely with licensed operators, such as Eni SPA and Anadarko Petroleum Corp., supervises and monitors exploration and protects stakeholder interests and the environment. www.inp.gov.mz 06_NPI_Global18(6):Layout 1 04/04/2014 10:35 Page 1 ‘ InstItuto nacIonal de Petróleo ...Mozambique has good prospects for a flourishing petroleum industry and that makes our country one of the preferred destinations for prospective business opportunities in the petroleum sector. A special challenge however, is to boost the recruitment and training of more Mozambicans to petroleum related matters so that the country can be prepared to deal with the exploration and developments to happen over the next three years.’ Arsenio Mabote, Chairman of the Institute National Petroleum global second quar ter 2014 www.global -br ief ing.org l 33


Global_18
To see the actual publication please follow the link above