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Global

Inbox Want to help the environment? Wash your bike! Mountain bike enthusiasts in Tasmania, Australia, are being asked to clean their cycles regularly to help stop the spread of invasive plants and plant-based diseases. Natural Resource Management North has launched a poster campaign to spread the message: “A clean bike is good for the bike and good for the bush.” “It is very easy to move weed seeds and diseases around the state without even realising,” said regional landcare facilitator Alison Hugo. Plants that the state government is keen to control include Spanish heath. The garden plant, introduced from Europe, has taken over areas of Victoria and Tasmania, spreading quickly and crowding out native species. www.global global four th quar ter 2014 -br ief ing.org l 79 commonwealth network From the Commonwealth Sec retary-General As a regular feature in each issue of Global, news of recent presidential and parliamentary polls from around the world is published under the heading Election Watch (see pages 10-12). The reports generally give a snapshot of the parties and candidates involved in the campaigns, voter turnout, the results and any challenges to the conduct or outcome of the elections. Advancing democracy is central to the Commonwealth’s focus, and observing elections is one of our distinctive strengths. Since 1990 more than 120 Commonwealth Observer Groups have monitored presidential and parliamentary elections in our member states – which welcome this constructive scrutiny and support. The professionalism of national election management bodies is vital to safeguarding the integrity of electoral processes. Their independence and transparency is crucial to public and political confidence in the credibility of elections. The heart of democracy beats in parliament, and the will of the people expressed through elections provides the fresh blood it needs. It was because of the pivotal importance of elections to a democracy that we established the Commonwealth Electoral Network. It brings together the national election management bodies of our member states, and is a platform for sharing experience and knowledge to promote good practices and provide opportunities for peer support. Our aim is for a ‘gold standard’ to be upheld by national election management bodies in all Commonwealth countries. In June the second biennial conference of the Commonwealth Electoral Network took place in Kenya. Its theme was ‘Managing Elections in the 21st Century: Strengthening Institutional Capacity and Electoral Integrity’. Commonwealth collaboration and interaction increasingly take place online, and the Commonwealth Electoral Network is one of more than 100 accredited professional networks and partner organisations that now manage projects, share knowledge and co-ordinate events using Commonwealth Connects, our secure cloud-based web platform. A particular strength of the Commonwealth is the scope for peer review and partnership among our member states. Shared inheritances mean there is much in common when it comes to institutional arrangements and legal frameworks. This offers special opportunities in the case of elections for working together. The benefit derived is all the greater because of the rich diversity encompassed within our 53 member states. The Commonwealth Charter now brings together in a single defining document the values we seek to uphold. Under the heading ‘Democracy’ the Charter refers to “the inalienable right of the individual to participate in democratic processes, in particular through free and fair elections, shaping the society in which they live”. Media freedom and diversity are essential, including fair access to impartial public service broadcasters. This is also expressed in the Commonwealth Charter, which states: “We are committed to peaceful, open dialogue and the free flow of information, including through a free and responsible media, and to enhancing democratic traditions and strengthening democratic processes.” Our collective commitment to democracy, development and respect for diversity leads us to regard free, fair, peaceful and credible electoral processes as the foundation for political, civic and economic inclusion and social progress. Building on our shared goals, sharing contemporary opportunities and utilising advances in connectivity to support one another, the governments and people of our member states work together to reshape the great and unique convening power of the Commonwealth. Kuala Lumpur hosts human rights exercise Representatives from 14 national human rights commissions from around the Commonwealth met in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, in August for a training exercise on resolving human rights disputes. The week-long seminar – hosted by the Commonwealth Secretariat and the African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes – looked at ways of preventing, managing and resolving human rights-related disputes. Nita Yawanarajah, adviser and head of the Commonwealth Secretariat’s Good Offices Section, said: “Every country faces human rights challenges. How it prevents, manages and resolves such disputes is what demonstrates the maturity of its institutions and the health of its democracy.” She added: “This training is aimed to help enhance the capacity of national human rights commissions to prevent and manage human rights disputes peacefully.” The event was the first in a series for human rights institutions planned to be held around the Commonwealth.


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