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Global 21 fourth quarter 2015

Inbox Vital statistics Behind the numbers Global enrolment in primary education primary school for every ten boys. In the USA, a country ranked fifth in the world in the UNDP’s Human Development Index, the net primary enrolment figures lag behind those of Trinidad and Tobago. Clearly, work remains to be done and it is with this in mind that Goal 4 of the UN’s post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) seeks to ‘Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all’. To what extent the SDGs will transform political agendas and policies in the next 15 years remains to be seen. Russian Federation ♀: 98% ♂: 97% did so in 1997, net enrolment rates skyrocketed from 57 per cent to 85 per cent; the same thing happened in Kenya in 2003, with enrolment surging from 5.9 million to 7.2 million. We have now reached 2015 and, despite such significant strides towards attainment of the universal primary education MDG, the goal has not been achieved. In 2013, 124 million children and young adolescents were still out of school, the majority of whom lived in Africa, with South Sudan, Sudan and Niger ranking lowest on the list. In West and Central Africa, there are currently only nine girls enrolled in UK ♀: 100% ♂: 100% Australia ♀: 97% ♂: 97% Lesotho ♀: 84% ♂: 80% Iceland ♀: 99% ♂: 98% Nigeria ♀: 60% ♂: 71% South Africa ♀: 91% ♂: 90% By 2050, the world’s population will surpass ten billion – more than double that of 1990 – and, with under-18s set to make up more than a quarter of that figure, meeting every child’s right to primary education will be more vital than ever before. The second UN Millennium Development Goal (MDG) aimed for the achievement of universal primary education by the year 2015. Many countries have made progress towards this goal since the MDGs were first implemented in 2000, with several abolishing school fees and seeing exceptional results – when Uganda Primary school net enrolment ratio Trinidad & Tobago ♀: 98% ♂: 99% Guyana ♀: 80% ♂: 70% USA ♀: 93% ♂: 93% Eritrea ♀: 32% ♂: 36% Djibouti ♀: 55% ♂: 62% South Sudan ♀: 34% ♂: 48% Mexico ♀: 99% ♂: 97% Chile ♀: 93% ♂: 93% Thailand ♀: 95% ♂: 96% Bangladesh ♀: 98% ♂: 94% Colombia ♀: 86% ♂: 87% Bolivia ♀: 87% ♂: 87% The primary school net enrolment ratio refers to the number of children enrolled in primary or secondary school who are of official primary school age, expressed as a percentage of the total number of children of official primary school age. Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics, 2015. www.global global four th quar ter 2015 -br ief ing.org l 11


Global 21 fourth quarter 2015
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