Page 21

Global 21 fourth quarter 2015

Spotlight Lesotho Lesotho’s parliament consists of two chambers, the Senate and the National Assembly, which form its upper and lower houses respectively Rocky road: Lesotho’s political turmoil The country has its second coalition government in three years, but the political uncertainty has seen security deteriorate in the mountain kingdom Katie Silvester Politics in post-independence Lesotho have been something of a battlefield, causing instability for the whole country at various junctures over the last five decades. There have been coups and the South African military had to intervene – at the request of the government – in the late 1990s to help restore peace. Even the royal family have not always been safe, with the King having to live in exile for a while in the 1970s. Just last year the Prime Minister fled to South Africa in fear of his life, after a vote of no confidence went against him in Parliament. The modern state of Lesotho was forged in the early 1800s. Moshoeshoe I, a minor chief of the Bakwena, gathered a following among tribes trying to protect themselves against Zulu and Matabele raids. After successful resistance, Moshoeshoe became © OER Africa CC BY 2.0 chief of the local Basotho and other tribal groups. He was also proactive in establishing relations with missionaries, especially French Catholics, whom he encouraged to establish missions and schools, and to advise him on negotiations with Europeans. When the Boers set out on their Great Trek in 1834 in search of new territory, the savvy Moshoeshoe sought the protection of the British Crown – an alternative he preferred to www.global global four th quar ter 2015 -br ief ing.org l 19


Global 21 fourth quarter 2015
To see the actual publication please follow the link above