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Global 21 fourth quarter 2015

Arena Development related, economic and social disasters for the most vulnerable is another aim. The targets are intended to be backed up by sound policy frameworks, based on pro-poor strategies and mobilisation of resources to help the least developed countries end poverty. The MDG that this replaces aimed to eradicate extreme hunger and poverty. Hunger Hunger should be no more by 2030, if this goal is met, with everyone on the planet having access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round. Malnutrition is also specifically targeted, with internationally agreed targets to be put in place on stunting and wasting in under fives. Agricultural practices are to be improved to provide the required increase in quantities of food. The targets for hunger also contain two related ‘mini targets’: firstly, maintaining the genetic diversity of seeds and plants, with national and international seed and plant banks to be set up; and achieving internationally agreed targets on stunting in children under five by 2025. The first of these mini targets includes an aspiration to maintain the diversity of wild and domesticated animals by 2020. The MDG that this replaces aimed to eradicate extreme hunger, with one of the targets being to halve the number of people who go hungry. Health The health target covers maternal, infant and under-five mortality rates; the AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria epidemics; health funding and access to healthcare; reproductive health; noncommunicable diseases; and environmental concerns such as air, water and soil contamination. Some of the mortality targets are a continuation of the MDGs, such as the new maternal mortality ratio target, which aims to see less than 70 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births for every country by 2030. Another important target is the ending of preventable deaths of newborns and underfives by 2030. Injuries are also included in the targets with the aspiration to halve the number of deaths from traffic accidents by 2020 and there are two targets aimed at reducing substance abuse including alcohol, narcotics and tobacco. There is also an intention to achieve universal health coverage by 2030, including financial risk protection and vaccines for all. Education The education targets aim for universal primary and secondary education, as well as universal pre-school education, elimination of gender disparities and an increase in the amount of teachers. The MDGs set the goal of universal primary education to be achieved by 2015, but, inevitably, some countries have struggled to meet this. The new targets also address the skills shortage in adults, looking to furnish adults and teenage school leavers with “relevant skills, including technical and vocational skills, for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship”. There is also an emphasis on relevant and effective learning outcomes in an attempt to ensure that simply attending school is not enough. Gender equality The MDG on gender equality was primarily concerned with gender parity in education. The SDG targets all discrimination against girls and women. This includes domestic and sexual violence; early and forced marriage; unpaid care and domestic work; economic and participation; access to technology and access to reproductive healthcare. The eradication of female genital mutilation is also ©J Webb / Istock.com 30 l www.global -br ief ing.org global four th quar ter 2015 four 30 l www.global -br ief ing.org th quar ter 2015 global


Global 21 fourth quarter 2015
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