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Global 21 fourth quarter 2015

Contents 72 22 Despite having a flourishing diamond mining industry, many of Lesotho’s citizens live in poverty in isolated rural communities as subsistence farmers, says Amber Tript 26 The country that rejected an offer to become part of South Africa in 1910, and finally gained independence in 1966, has held its own since the days of King Moshoeshoe I, maintaining a uniquely African culture and establishing traditions that are distinctly Basotho. Kate Bystrova explains Arena 28 The 17 new Sustainable Development Goals were agreed at a UN summit in September, giving countries a challenging list of targets to meet by 2030, says Kyle Meadow 34 There has been unprecedented human development in the world over the last few decades. But how can we be sure that this trend will continue? Is there a chance development will start to reverse? Rae Lesser Blumberg and Samuel Cohn have just written a book on the subject 38 The Syrian conflict shows no signs of abating and half of the country’s population is now displaced, creating the largest volume of refugees since World War II. Katie Silvester reports 40 Immigration to the USA for representatives and employees of foreign national governments is now more straightforward than ever, but employees of state governments have more limited options, as William Diaz explains 42 The UK is introducing an additional hurdle for visa applicants – the requirement for proof of criminal record checks in other countries the applicant has lived in. But this extra bureaucracy will cause headaches, even for those who have led a blameless life, says Jennifer Stevens 44 Commentators often point to the USA as a model for the European Union. But they should be looking to India instead, as it has a number of parallels with Europe and has 64 Regulars 4 News One in three young people are out of work, globally; Local NGOs miss out on funding; Teenage brothers build web browser to rival Google; Grave of Bronze Age warrior discovered in Greece 6 Election Watch Who’s in and who’s out 10 Energy Watch World energy trends 11 Vital Statistics Primary school enrolment around the world 37 Book review The Song of the Shirt: The High Price of Cheap Garments, from Blackburn to Bangladesh by Jeremy Seabrook Global Insight: Climate 12 World leaders will be meeting in Paris in late 2015 for COP21 to set the next phase of goals to help combat climate change, by keeping global warming below 2oC. Sara Mullarkey explains Lesotho 14 Prime Minister Bethuel Pakalitha Mosisili speaks exclusively to Global to answer questions on Lesotho’s politics, the country’s economic growth and the AIDS pandemic 19 The country has its second coalition government in three years, but the political uncertainty has seen security deteriorate in the mountain kingdom, says Katie Silvester © John Veevers, John Veevers Collection, Audiovisual Archive, AIATSIS four 2 l www.global -br ief ing.org th quar ter 2015 global


Global 21 fourth quarter 2015
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