027_Global13_Insight_Forestry

Global 13

Global InsightSustainable Forestry “Forests provide great opportunities for adapting to climate change” Credit: UN Photo/Evan Schneider IntervIew Jan McAlpine, Director, UN Forum on Forests In 2007, the UN Forum on Forests adopted the landmark Non-Legally Binding Instrument on All Types of Forests. Amongst other things, the instrument is intended to strengthen political commitment and action at all levels to implement effective sustainable management of all types of forests and to achieve the shared global objectives on forests. Here the Forum’s director identifies some of the critical governance issues that arise in the promotion of sustainable development in the world’s forests Global: Plans to reduce emissions from deforestation and degra- mies in transition. Limited financial and technical capacity, lack of dation (i.e. REDD+) have been carefully crafted. Do you see these data, and difficulties in disseminating information to rural communi- schemes becoming adopted more widely around the world under a ties on sustainable forest management practices are often highlighted new international climate regime? as major challenges related to realising the full potential offorests. Jan McAlpine: Emissions from deforestation and degradation only rep- resent REDD. The “+” part refers more broadly to other economic and How best can the in-country capacity of developing countries be social issues that we need to address to tackle forest issues effectively. enhanced to ensure better forest management in general? Focusing on carbon alone will not be successful – forests are much The issue of capacity development affects both developing and de- more than just carbon. We need to have a strategy to address the whole veloped countries and needs to be addressed on two fronts: (i) sus- suite of issues, environmental, economic and social, comprehensively tainable forest financing mechanisms are required at domestic and in order to have these schemes adopted more widely around the world. international levels; (ii) comprehensive policy instruments and strat- Forests provide great opportunities for adapting to climate change egies are needed to address forest issues that are intertwined with by increasing the resilience of people and ecosystems. Forests are a broad range of sectors. For example, forests issues are strongly also a major mitigation option over the next 30 to 40 years and can interconnected with agriculture, water, energy, transportation and play a key role in the necessary transition towards a low-carbon tourism. When formulating forest policies and national development economy. However, due to the wide range of goods and services strategies, it’s critical to have a comprehensive, integrated cross-in- provided by the forest sector, mitigation and adaptation options need stitutional, cross-sectoral approach. They need to be considered with to be understood and taken advantage of in the context of promot- a wide variety of ministries such as agriculture, water, energy, trans- ing sustainable development. For forests to effectively contribute to portation, tourism, mining, economic development and social issues. climate change solutions, countries and the international community will need to address several critical governance issues affecting for- At a time that forest plantations are increasing rapidly, what ests and forest-dependent communities such as land use rights and do you see as the most important priorities to ensure adequate tenure, access to forests, land use planning, benefit sharing, institu- supervision and safeguards against degradation? tional and cross-sectoral coordination, and law enforcement. There are multiple factors leading to global forest degradation, and plan- tations are simply one aspect of a complex interdependent system. In What are the main priorities in capacity-building and technological this regard the need for a ‘landscape approach’ is gaining recognition, advance for the conservation of forests – in both developed and which aims to manage our natural resources in a holistic manner, taking developing countries? into account the entire landscape, from forests, to water supply and agri- Some of the main priorities in capacity-building for sustainable forest culture. Such an approach enables governments, the private sector, and management (and not just conservation) that have been identified in NGOs to see how plantations can fit into the entire landscape and work UNFF discussions include: the need to address the lack of data on for- together collaboratively. This comprehensive approach is needed to see est resources and strengthen capacity for data collection; to facilitate the whole picture in the entire ecosystem. The Forest Day 6 event of the capacity-building among indigenous peoples and local communities recent Collaborative Partnership on Forests at UNFCCC COP18 had a in developing countries, through training, education networks and as- theme of “Living Landscapes”, referring to this vital interconnection be- sociations; to practise sustainable forest management and maintain the tween forests and agriculture and their impacts on people. On the issue multiple values of forests; and to identify barriers to access to financ- of plantations, it is important to know whether plantations are replacing ing, in particular for developing countries and countries with econo- natural standing forests or are being carried out on degraded land. globalfirst quarter 2013 www.global-briefing.org l27


Global 13
To see the actual publication please follow the link above