33_G15_InSight_G20

Global Issue 15

Global Insight G20 alliance, which is the cornerstone of Japanese diplomacy. I have already reconfi rmed with President Obama the strong bonds that unite our two countries. Japan will also contribute to the peace and prosperity of the Asia-Pacifi c region by developing our cooperative relations with neighbouring countries, including the members of ASEAN. We will also act in close co-operation with the countries in Europe, with which we share fundamental values, as partners that together play a leading role in fostering peace and prosperity in the international community. Moreover, we will strengthen our relations with Africa, a frontier of hope that has been achieving a high rate of economic growth. It is incumbent upon Japan as a responsible nation in the international community to work together with Africa in resolving the various challenges the continent faces. The Fifth Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD V) held in Yokohama in June succeeded in achieving a great outcome. Is that policy prioritised by the desire to rebalance relations with China? Is your ambition to reclaim the number two spot as a world economic power? Japan’s relations with China are among our most important bilateral relations. The relationship between Japan and China is tied inextricably in various areas, and both countries bear responsibility for the stability and development of both Asia and the world as a whole. That said, there are times when various issues arise between neighbours, Japan and China. However, I believe that, even when individual issues arise, it is essential that the doors of dialogue between Japan and China remain open at all times, and I have been calling on the Chinese side to engage in dialogue. I expect Japan to pioneer solutions to issues such as a dwindling birthrate and ageing population Japan is going to shoulder a great responsibility in upholding and fostering a peaceful, stable world order based on the rule of law. I am determined to restore a strong Japan by ensuring that the economic policies I am now ardently pursuing yield success. In doing so, I will create a Japan that makes substantial contributions to global peace and prosperity economically, politically and diplomatically. Relations with China have worsened, fanned by the dispute over the sovereignty of the Senkaku Islands. What ways forward do you see to ease tensions? And does the US, or any other power, have a role in this? The Senkaku Islands are, without a doubt, the inherent territory of Japan, in light of historical facts and based upon international law. Indeed, the Senkaku Islands are under the valid control of Japan. Thus, there exists no issue of territorial sovereignty to be resolved concerning the Senkaku Islands. The Japanese government formally incorporated the Senkaku Islands into the territory of Japan in 1895, in accordance with the established principles under international law. China did not express any objections either at that time or for the 76 years that followed. It was only in 1971 that China began to make its own assertions about the Senkaku Islands. This was only after the United Nations Japan in numbers Key data Population: 126 million (2012) GNI per capita: US$44,900 (2011) Life expectancy: 83 years Land area: 377,864 sq km Head of State: Emperor Akihito Main manufacturing industries: motor vehicles, electronic equipment, machine tools, steel and nonferrous metals, ships, chemicals, textiles, processed foods 2% of the world’s population lives in Japan 5th largest supplier of EU’s imports, primarily transport and machinery equipment and chemical products 12.5% of the world’s GDP is generated by Japan, according to European Commision fi gures 20%of the world’s earthquakes take place in Japan Gender: Women in business Just 5% of the board members of Japan’s listed companies are women  www.global global thi rd quar ter 2013 -br ief ing.org l 33


Global Issue 15
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