06_G15_InBox

Global Issue 15

Inbox VITAL STATISTICS Behind the numbers Cancer: a global burden Cancer is a leading cause of mortality globally – in 2008 it accounted for 7.6 million deaths, by 2030 it is estimated that over 13 million people will die of the disease. As the world’s population continues to age, the incidence of cancer – and other chronic diseases that primarily affect the elderly – is rising According to the World Health Organization, more than 30 per cent of cancer deaths could be prevented by avoiding tobacco and alcohol, taking regular exercise, modifying diet and maintaining a healthy body weight. Publicity about the link between tobacco and lung cancer has driven the decline in smoking in many high and middle-income countries, so incidence of the disease in these areas is thought to occur primarily among ex-smokers. In recent years, the tobacco Annual leading causes of global mortality Annual global deaths resulting from cancer by type Cancer Lower respiratory infections Cerebrovascular disease Ischaemic heart disease Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Human causes 8,000,000 7,000,000 6,000,000 5,000,000 4,000,000 3,000,000 2,000,000 1,000,000 0 Most commonly diagnosed cancers USA Cancer incidence: 1,437,199 Mortality: 565,644 Sierra Leone Cancer incidence: 2,781 Mortality: 2,179 Diarrhoeal diseases Diabetes mellitus HIV/AIDS Denmark Cancer incidence: 32,189 Mortality: 15,731 industry has turned its focus on developing regions, and smoking prevalence is growing in countries whose health-care systems will struggle to cope with a rise in cases of lung cancer. Cancer mortality rates vary worldwide and are much higher in low and middle-income countries where an estimated 70 per cent of cancer deaths occur. Differences are likely to be due to improved access to health care and better prognosis for cancers common in developed countries. 1,600,000 1,400,000 1,200,000 1,000,000 800,000 600,000 400,000 200,000 Ethiopia Cancer incidence: 51,707 Mortality: 40,607 South Africa Cancer incidence: 74,688 Mortality: 51,436 Breast Cervix Oesophagus Russia Cancer incidence: 433,196 Mortality: 284,988 Liver Colorectum Ukraine Cancer incidence: 142,960 Mortality: 86,621 Pancreas China Cancer incidence: 2,817,210 Mortality: 1,958,347 Prostate Australia Cancer incidence: 106,878 Mortality: 40,889 Lung Breast Cervix Liver Prostate Lip, oral cavity Colorectum Brazil Cancer incidence: 320,955 Mortality: 190,014 Perinatal conditions Lung Stomach 0 2008 estimates Sources: (1) GLOBOCAN 2008 v2.0, ‘Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide’ IARC, 2010 http://globocan.iarc.fr (2) Cancer Research UK (2012), CancerStats report – Worldwide Cancer Factsheet Leukaemia 6 l www.global -br ief ing.org thi rd quar ter 2013 global


Global Issue 15
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